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ROBOTICS AT THE SERVICE OF PROFESSIONAL CLEANING - WHERE ARE WE?

In general, cleaning activities involve a wide variety of manual activities requiring great mobility of the agents who carry them out. Many mobile robotic systems or mobile manipulations could be of interest in this context.


The very context of cleaning work requires great simplicity of implementation for such systems as well as a limited number of added constraints for operators. Besides, they must be of reduced cost if used for low added value tasks or offer particular qualities for carrying out potentially dangerous work (handling toxic products, working at height, etc.) or substantially reducing the work’s arduousness or the risk of MSDs.


The Shadow robot hand system

The invention of the household appliance dates back to 1901. It owes it to a British engineer named Hubert Cecil Booth. His "suction device" used a motorized pump. Different devices, solely mechanized, existed from the decennary—the energized household appliance then older its real development from the Nineteen Forties. In 1936, the Hoover company (named once its creator William Hoover) filed the patent for a household appliance with a removable hose. This innovation then became a feature common to all or any trendy vacuum cleaners. Even today, this device, unreal over 100 years agone, continues to evolve.


The first household appliance wasn't known as a household appliance; however, a carpet brush. He used rotating brushes and a vacuum to loosen the mud. Improvement machines with rotating horizontal then vertical axis brush have additionally developed several in varied forms XIX century. The mechanical broom was unreal by Melville Reuben (USA) United Nations agency proprietary it in 1876. within the late Fifties, with the arrival of electricity electrical motors, makers of rotating brush floor improvement machines began to introduce variable speed. The operator may then modify the rotation speed of a brushing disc that revolved at speeds of over 350 revolutions per minute. Within the Seventies, movement speeds may reach 750 to a thousand revolutions per minute.


The IRobot Roomba Floorvac became one of the first robotic vacuum cleaners to be advertised within the United States with a charging time of 14 hours for 1 hour of autonomy.

In the early 90s, GSF sought to develop an autonomous scrubber. However, autonomous navigation technologies were not yet mature enough, and the complexity of cleaning surfaces like those in a supermarket did not allow full robotization...

So-called robotic technologies were also developed during this same period to consider cleaning large vertical surfaces or difficult to access.