Namibia is a country with a lot of harsh, rough-hewn beauty. These images of Namibia's hauntingly technicolor landscape, including shimmering mirages, swirling orange dunes, and treacherous dust demi-gods, are some of the most striking. The appearance of desolation can be misleading; plant and animal life, as well as man, have adapted to this environment. The country offers a bounty of beauty and adventure, including thorn bush savannas, beautiful canyons, wind-ravaged coastlines, magnificent canyons, and sun-baked saltpans. The Etosha National park, which is ranked as one of Africa's best game sanctuaries, is Namibia's most popular attraction. It is a great place for birds. It is fantastic to see the variety of activities that you can do in such a beautiful environment. Paragliding, whitewater rafting, ballooning over deserts, and paragliding are all great options for beginners. Sand skiing along the coastal dunes is another option. You can also choose from abseiling, which is the most famous of all rock sports, coastal or freshwater fishing, desert camel riding, and 4x4 desert runs. Hiking and mountaineering are some other options.
There are four distinct geographic regions in Namibia:
The north has Etosha Pan, a beautiful area for wildlife, and the heart of Etosha National Park.
The Caprivi Strip, a narrow strip of woodland that lies between Botswana & Zambia is home to a few rivers and a lush area of forest.
Located along the coast, the Namib Desert is estimated to be the oldest desert globally at 80 million years. The well-watered central plateau is home to rugged mountains, impressive canyons, rocky outcrops, and vast plains from north to south. The collision of the Atlantic and the African desert cause dense fogs.
Namibia is one-half the size of France and has only 1.8 million inhabitants. People are as individual as the land on which they live. The San, also known as Bushmen, are some of the most fascinating. The most resilient of people can have an in-depth knowledge of their environment. It's amazing how adaptable they are too tricky environments. Would you mind taking a moment to reflect on the fact that they are the only ones in the world without permanent water access? The Kalahari Desert is their home, but there is no water source. Their water needs are met by melons, tubers, and other water-bearing plants, as well as underground sip wells.
Today, there are approximately 50,000 Bushmen in Namibia. According to historians, they have lived in these areas for around 25,000 years, mainly as hunters and gatherers. The language of the bushmen is a unique click language. They are also very skilled in storytelling, mimicry, dance, and other arts. The majority of Namibia's indigenous people are Bantu. They thought to have arrived in Namibia from west Africa around 2,400 years ago. These African groups include Owambo and Kavango, Caprivians, as well as Himba, Damaras, Nama, Tswana, Himba, Damaras, and Herero.
Other than the Africans, about 15% of the population comprises different ethnic groups that played a significant role in the nation's development. The white Namibian population is approximately 120,00. They are primarily of German and Afrikaner descent. After Bismarck's 1884 declaration of Namibia as a German Protectorate, significant numbers of Germans arrived. Afrikaners, Dutch-born white farmers, moved north from Cape settlements after the Dutch Cape Colony was handed over to the British in 1806. These people were independent and resented British rule. Their ancestors lived in Cape Colony since 1652.
In Namibia and southern Africa, the term "colored" refers to people with mixed racial heritage (black-white). The Namibian population is complete by two other distinct groups, the Basters and Coloureds. They are distinct in their identity and culture, given that South Africa ruled Namibia following the First World War. Racial classification was an art form even in pre-Apartheid South Africa. Afrikaans-speaking Basters descended from Hottentot women and Dutch settlers in Cape. They were a mixture of black and white immigrants who trekked northwards to establish their town Rehoboth in 1871. Baster actually derives from "bastard", and Basters are proud of it.
The unwelcoming and barren coastlines of Namibia served as a deterrent to European explorers' ambitions. This was until Adolf Luderitz, a German merchant, established a permanent settlement at the Namib Desert's Atlantic seaboard. He later took his name. The territory of Namibia was then declared a German colony by Bismarck, who named it Sudwestafrika (or southwest Africa). Conflict arose with the land's inheritors as German settlers began to move into the interior.
The Herero were particularly affected by the German occupation. The Herero were bitter about the German's harsh and racist rule, as well as the effects of their lands being encroached upon on their livelihoods and lives. The Herero, led and led by Chief Samuel Maharero, rose unexpectedly to arms against their colonial oppressors on the first day in 1904. The Nama joined in the rebellion, and the authorities failed to regain control after six months. The uprising saw the deaths of over 100 soldiers and settlers from Germany. Historical experts now consider the events that followed the uprising to be the first genocide in the 20th century.
Lieutenant General Lothar von Tirtha was given a 14,000-strong contingent and assigned to suppress the rebellion. Rudolph Goering was the governor-general of the territory at that time. He was Hitler's right-hand man and father, Herman Goering. Lothar von Trotha was a pioneer of his generation. His way of thinking would become the Third Reich's government policy. He believed that the Herero should be destroyed as a nation and did not hesitate to murder women and children. 100,000 Nama and Herero died in the end. The survivors were taken to concentration camps, where terrible things took place. The Herero suffered very severely, and nearly 80% of her population died. The Nama population declined by 35-50%.
Windhoek is the capital city of 165,000 residents and the only true one in the country. This is the place to settle practical matters for those who travel to remote areas. You can see the positive side of the German period in the city's charming older buildings. The State Museum, State Archives, as well as the Namibia Crafts Centre are all places of interest. The gentle hills of Khoma Hochland, 24 km west of Windhoek, are the Dan Viljoen Game Park. This resort is home to ostriches as well as baboons and zebras. There are also over 200 bird species. Weekenders love the Waterburg Plateau Park located at 230 km from Windhoek. This vast mountain wilderness is home to the white rhino, leopard, cheetah, and kudu.
Namibia's wildlife enthusiasts are attracted to Etosha National Park. It is comparable in size to the best parks in Africa in terms of diversity and species. Etosha's unusual terrain includes savanna grassland and dense brush, as well as woodland. The park's heart is actually the Etosha pan, a depression that can sometimes hold water and covers 5,000 km. In the dry winter months, the perennial springs surrounding the pan attract many birds and other land animals. This background creates a magical effect, and many wildlife photos have been taken there.
The park is home to 144 mammal species, with elephants being the most common; other wildlife found here include giraffes, leopards, jackals, blue wildebeests, gemsbok, black rhino, and cheetah. Etosha is an excellent place to bird, with over 300 species of birds documented. The three camps of Namutoni Halali and Okaukuejo offer ideal accommodation; to get the best value is recommended to spend at least three days. When the water draws them in large numbers to the edge between May and September, it is best to view animals. By road, Etosha can be found 400km north of Windhoek.
The Fish River Canyon is the largest in Africa but not as large as the Grand Canyon in the U.S. The Canyon runs 160km and has a width of 27 km and a depth of 550m. However, size does not account for the Canyon's appeal. At various points on the rim, you can enjoy breathtaking views. Adventurers don't just come for the landscape; hiking through the Canyon can be a great endurance challenge for hikers, and it takes about 4-5 days to complete the 90km hiking trail.
The trail ends at Ai-Ais Hot Spring Resort, where you can relax. You can hike between May and September, but you must be fit to hike this strenuous trail. Authorities don't believe most people can undertake the hike and insist that you have a medical certificate before allowing your permit to go ahead. Fish River Canyon is located 580km south of Windhoek.
The Skeleton Coast is the graveyard for seafarers and whales, and it deserves that monstrous name. The dense fogs are the problem. Woe to the shipwreck survivor, who hopes for relief onshore! The Namib Desert is just ahead, which is one of the most remote and unwelcoming areas. The rugged beauty of the area is what draws adventure travelers to the coast. You will find a seal colony at Cape Cross to the south, which houses tens of thousands of seals. The Skeleton Coast Park is located 355km northwest of Windhoek and covers 16,400 square kilometers.
Diego Cao, a Portuguese explorer, discovered this area; he arrived there in 1486. His experiences probably discouraged Europeans from reaching shore until 400 years later, when the Germans arrived. Namib-Naukluft National Park is further south, covering 50,000 km2. It is a diverse landscape that includes mountain outcrops and majestic sand dunes, as well as deep-cut gorges. The Sossusvlei region is a great place to find truly spectacular dunes and can reach 300m in height! These orange-tinted giants go as far as the horizon, creating a unique environment.
The well-watered Kavango region and Caprivi Strip area offered a wilderness ideal for camping and rugged game viewing and enjoyed by bird lovers in the northeast area. Kaudom, Caprivi, and Mahango are some of the game reserves. Mudumu, Mudumu, Mamili, and Mahango are also available. During the civil war in neighboring Angola, poachers caused great harm to wildlife. However, the animal population is growing rapidly. The region is home to many wildlife species, including leopards, elephants, buffalo, cheetahs, lions, and antelopes. The Caprivi Reserve is located in an area of swamps, flood plains. You can fish, hike, go on game viewing safaris, or take a traditional mokoro boat trip down the river.
Namibia can get up to 300 days of sun per year. The climate is mild on the coast, with temperatures ranging between 5C-25C. Daytime temperatures in the country range from 20C to 34C but can reach 40C in the northern and southern parts. Frost can occur in large areas of the country, and winter nights can get quite cold. Rains in the interior fall in summer (November to April) and are most severe in the Caprivi area. Although rains are not a significant issue for travel, flash floods can occur near riverbeds. Traveling during the dry months from March to October is best, as it's easier to spot animals at waterholes. Avoid the Namib Desert or Etosha between December-March, as it can be unbearably hot. Review our Namibia tour and safari offers before you go.
In summer, you can wear light kinds of cotton and linens. You will need to wear heavier cotton on winter mornings and nights, as well as warmer wraps and sweaters. Walking shoes are essential as they can get boiling on the ground. You should bring a camera, sunglasses, sunscreen, mosquito repellant, also prepared for dusty conditions by packing your clothes, equipment, and supplies in dustproof bags. Avoid buying ivory items; they may not be permitted to be carried through customs at your home. It would be best if you didn't encourage the ivory trade that keeps poachers occupied.
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