Natural changes in the female reproductive system that occur after puberty are known as the menstrual cycle. Sometimes, this cycle may disturb and lead to irregular periods (more or less blood loss), also called Oligomenorrhea. A menstrual cycle has a deep impact on women’s lifestyle, work, and habits.
Causes of irregular menstruation:
There are many causes of abnormal menstruation, but few are listed below:
· Hormonal imbalance
· Endurance exercise, for example, marathon running
· Birth control pills
· Thickening of the uterine lining
· Uncontrolled diabetes
· Thyroid problems
· Cervical infections
· Other health situations
Types of unbalanced periods:
There are four basic types of unbalanced periods.
· Menorrhagia and Polymenorrhea (heavy and prolonged bleeding)
· Hypomenorrhea (extra light periods)
· Amenorrhea (absent periods)
· Dysmenorrhea (excess pain during periods)
Menorrhagia and polymenorrhea
In this condition, a woman faces prolonged and heavy bleeding during her menstrual cycle. Different forms of this condition are polymenorrhea (excessively bleeding), metrorrhagia (bleeding between periods), and postmenopausal (menstrual periods after menopause).
Menorrhagia is caused by hormonal imbalance, pelvic infections, Miscarriage, and a high concentration of endothelin. If a woman is suffering from menorrhagia, she needs to change sanitary pads many times and her menstrual period lasts more than seven days. Changing pads frequently will disturb her life. In this condition, she will not enjoy a sound sleep.
It is the opposite condition of menorrhea. In this condition, a woman faces less bleeding or light periods. The menstrual cycle ends after two to three days. This condition is caused due to the use of hormonal contraceptives, less body fat, hormonal imbalance, premature ovulation, and stress. A woman can face this condition during her life at any stage, but at the onset of menopause and after puberty, the chances increase.
If a woman is suffering from amenorrhea, she will experience absent periods for more than three menstrual cycles. This clause is categorized into two types:
a) Primary amenorrhea (menstruation fails to start after puberty)
b) Secondary amenorrhea (when normal periods become irregular)
Women may experience this condition during biological changes in her life like I breastfeeding, pregnancy or menopause. This situation may occur due to obesity, disturbed ovulation, eating disorders, and birth defects.
In the present era, dysmenorrhea is a pervasive disorder in women. In this state, a woman experiences severe pain and menstrual cramps during her periods. This condition is categorized into the following types:
a) Primary dysmenorrhea (abnormal uterine contractions due to chemical imbalance)
b) Secondary dysmenorrheal (related to medical situations)
Possible causes of this situation include pelvic inflammatory disorder, tumors, and abnormal pregnancy. This situation is common in those women who consume alcohol and smoke.
Symptoms associated with this situation are cramping in the lower abdomen, dizziness, vomiting and nausea, pain in the lower legs, and headaches.
Symptoms of unbalanced periods:
A woman’s menstrual cycle normally lasts 28 days, but it may alter among individuals. Most women have menstrual cycles between 11 and 13 each year, and bleeding lasts around 5 to 6 days, but this also varies. If the length of these days is more than 35 or changes in length, then the menstrual cycle is irregular or unbalanced. If the clots appear more than 2.5 centimeters in diameter or changes in blood flow, this is also known as irregular menstruation. Abnormal uterine bleeding, bleeding after you have reached menopause, could be symptoms of irregular periods.
Effect of irregular periods:
Constant irregular menstruation has severe effects on women’s life. They may cause distressing symptoms. The menstrual cycle's regularity is associated with your fertility, heart health, sleep, and skin health.
Hormones that are related to the menstrual cycle have an impact on your skin. As your skin acts as a protective barrier between your environment and internal system, there is a need to take care of it. At the onset of your puberty, you notice changes in your skin, especially of your face. Because there is no normal standard shape for your skin, it will change. Glands present on the skin secrete a secretion called sebum that is affected by sex hormones. Women who experienced irregular periods may have oily skin, acne, drier skin than normal.
Home remedies to cure irregular periods
Treatment depends on ruling out what is the true cause of irregular menstruation, but some remedies are there to help you at your home.
Some home remedies are listed below:
· Practice yoga and meditation
· Maintain a healthy weight
· Add cinnamon to your diet
· Do exercise regularly
· Take vitamin on a daily basis
· Say no to a high-fiber diet
· Get enough fats
· Enjoy papayas and pineapple
· Add turmeric to your diet